Initially, the web was not designed for capturing data: it was a space for publication, whose success was related to the opportunity to participate in public life through publication.
In the Renaissance, printing opened out the public space that we call the letters’ republic. The web potentially opens a new space that one can call the Digital Republic. The is what happened at the beginning but quickly, and especially in the ten years since the introduction of social networks, the internet has become a system for capturing behaviour, for the development of what the Belgian lawyer Antoinette Rouvroy calls algorithmic governmentality, by which she means the control of individuals by algorithms.
From Comment survivre à la «disruption» in Le Temps (French)