Judo

By Yossi Sheriff

Judo (柔道), literally the "gentle way" is a martial art, combat sport, and philosophy that originated in Japan. Judo was founded by Dr Jigoro Kano in 1882. The sport became the model for the modern Japanese martial arts, gendai budo, developed from old koryu schools. Practitioners of judo are called judoka.

Judo techniques in video

The techniques can be found in [[::Category:Judo techniques|Judo Techniques]].

Also see Judo techniques for a list of techniques by technique classification and Judo lists for the official Kodokan syllabus.

History of Judo

The Judo was founded in several years when Jigoro Kano distilled it from older koryu systems he trained at.

Jigoro kano and his veteran students became interested in the usability of the old techniques as they appeared in Shiai or competition. The way of sparring or randori eliminated two types of old techniques: those that were deemed as unreliable or non working and those that were very reliable but endangered the safety of the combatants.


Two components of the Judo

The Standing component in Judo: Tachi-Waza

While standing the opponents try to throw each other to the mattress. Kicking, punching, biting and the use of many dangerous techniques are strictly forbidden. The Judoka can use throws to take the other opponent to the ground. The manner in which the other opponent falls determines the points or victory of the competitor.

The Ground component in Judo: Newaza

After falling to the ground the competitors try to gain a better position that enables victory either through an arm lock, through pinning or through choke.

Techniques

For a full list of Judo techniques, see Judo techniques.


Kata

The Judo Kata are a requirement for the attainment of a higher dan.

There are seven Judo kata that are mandated by Kodokan today:


Styles of Judo

Kosen judo (高專柔道) is onother school of martial art with the same range of techniques as the kodokan initiated Judo but greater latitude permitted for Ne-waza (ground technique). akban:martial_art

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