Judo (柔道), literally the "gentle way" is a martial art, combat sport, and philosophy that originated in Japan. Judo was founded by Dr Jigoro Kano in 1882. The sport became the model for the modern Japanese martial arts, gendai budo, developed from old koryu schools. Practitioners of judo are called judoka.
Judo techniques in video
The techniques can be found in Judo Techniques.
History of Judo
The Judo was founded in several years when Jigoro Kano distilled it from older koryu systems he trained at.
Jigoro kano and his veteran students became interested in the usability of the old techniques as they appeared in Shiai or competition. The way of sparring or randori eliminated two types of old techniques: those that were deemed as unreliable or non working and those that were very reliable but endangered the safety of the combatants.
Two components of the Judo
The Standing component in Judo: Tachi-Waza
While standing the opponents try to throw each other to the mattress. Kicking, punching, biting and the use of many dangerous techniques are strictly forbidden. The Judoka can use throws to take the other opponent to the ground. The manner in which the other opponent falls determines the points or victory of the competitor.
The Ground component in Judo: Newaza
- For a full list of Judo techniques, see Judo techniques.
The Judo Kata are a requirement for the attainment of a higher dan.
There are seven Judo kata that are mandated by Kodokan today:
- Randori no Kata (Free practice forms), comprising two kata:
- Kime no kata (Forms of decision)
- Kodokan Goshin Jutsu (Kodokan Self-defence forms)
- Ju no Kata (Forms of gentleness)
- Itsutsu no Kata (The five forms)
- Koshiki no Kata (Ancient forms)
- Seiryoku Zen'yo Kokumin Taiiku no Kata (Maximum-Efficiency National Physical Education Kata)